Orthodontics is a complex field and it can help to know some of the most common orthodontic problems that you may have. Besides of obvious improvement to cosmetic appearance, the state of how the teeth bite together is also of major importance. Teeth that do not bite together properly is known as a malocclusion (bad bite). Malocclusions can lead to a variety of issues including jaw pain, headaches, speech impediments, difficulty in cleaning and premature tooth wear. Those will malocclusions can benefit from orthodontic treatment such as invisalign (invisible braces) or orthodontic braces.

Some of the most common malocclusions include:

Crowding

Crowding

Crowding is probably the most common orthodontic problem. Most people experience crowding even if they have had straight teeth earlier in life. This problem stems from a discrepancy between the space in the jaw and the size of the teeth. Crowding tends to get worse with time.

Overbite or Overjet

Overbite or Overjet

This occurs when the top front teeth are protruding outward much further than the lower teeth creating that “bucky” look.  This may be caused by a small lower jaw, thumb sucking or the use of a pacifier as it can change the shape of the roof of the mouth.

Spacing

Spacing

Spaces between teeth are another common problem that can be treated with orthodontics such as braces or invisalign. Like crowding, spacing is usually a result of a discrepancy between the size of the teeth and jaw.

Underbite

Underbite

Underbites are usually a genetic condition and happens when the lower teeth are positioned in front of the upper teeth.

Crossbite

Crossbite

All your top teeth should sit over your bottom teeth. If any top teeth sit behind the lower teeth, this is known as cross bite and is usually the cause of premature wear and chipping of teeth.